What to focus on as an Interbank Trader

The Market Efficiency Paradigm

The Market Efficiency Paradigm is a way of looking at financial markets for what they really are.

To understand this paradigm, we need to break it down into three components:

  1. Smart Money:
    This component is about understanding how and why smart money is fundamentally different from dumb money.

  2. Market Efficiency Paradigm:
    This component is about understanding how the Interbank Price Delivery Algorithm provides data for the market.

  3. Speculative Uninformed Money:
    This component is about understanding the reverse psychology of speculative uninformed money and how it can be used to gain an edge in the interbank market.
ICT Core Content : Month 1 Episode 3: What to Focus On

Smart Money

Smart Money is a term used to describe Central Banks that have complete control over prices, and Interbank Traders who use the Interbank Price Delivery Algorithm (IPDA) to make informed trading decisions.

Smart Money influences financial markets because they provide liquidity for Speculative Uninformed Money.

We know that Smart Money is fundamentally opposed to Uninformed Money.

Market Efficiency Paradigm

The Market Efficiency Paradigm is a perspective that considers the influence of both Smart Money and Uninformed Speculative Money on price.

It involves understanding how IPDA operates, how it delivers price efficiently for Smart Money, and why it is diametrically opposed to Uninformed Speculative Money.

Speculative Uninformed Money

Speculative Uninformed Money refers to individuals or organizations who trade in financial markets without a deep understanding of Smart Money.

They often rely on retail indicators like RSI or Mac D to inform their trading decisions. However, they lack an understanding of the Smart Money that is diametrically opposed to their trading.

In summary, the Market Efficiency Paradigm provides a powerful perspective for understanding financial markets.

This framework helps Interbank Traders make informed trading decisions by looking at the actions of both Smart Money (Central Banks and Interbank Traders) and Speculative Uninformed Money.

Understanding the dynamic between both is crucial for long-term success in the financial markets, and the Market Efficiency Paradigm offers a comprehensive approach to making profitable trades.

Failure to do so will result in seeing ICT Concepts not working.

Understanding Speculative Uninformed Money

Speculative Uninformed Money has several key characteristics that distinguish it from Smart Money:

  1. They have no awareness of smart money and the impact it has on market prices.
  2. They have no awareness that financial markets can be manipulated and that market prices can be influenced by smart money for their interests.
  3. They have no awareness of the Interbank Price Delivery Algorithm, which is a key component in determining the fair market price of an asset for Smart Money.
  4. speculative uninformed money believes that price is influenced by indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index or Bollinger Bands, which can be useful for sentiment analysis and reverse psychology.

Who Makes up Speculative Uninformed Money?

Speculative Uninformed Money consists of several different types of market participants, including retail traders, new hedge funds, and large fund traders. Let’s take a closer look at each of these groups:

  1. New Pool of Retail Traders: There are many different statistics available that pertain to retail trading in the financial markets i.e the high failure rates, the short career duration, lack of education, and emotional/overleveraged trades.

    New traders entering the forex market have increased significantly in recent years due to the growing popularity of online trading platforms and the increasing accessibility of forex trading to retail traders.

  2. New Hedge Funds: According to some studies, the average lifespan of a hedge fund is around 5 to 7 years. However, there are also many hedge funds that have been in operation for much longer and have established themselves as major players in the financial industry.

    One of the most famous hedge fund failures is Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM). LTCM was founded in 1994 and was once considered one of the most successful hedge funds in the world. However, in 1998, the fund suffered significant losses due to a series of trades that went wrong and eventually had to be bailed out by a consortium of major banks.

  3. Large Fund Traders: Large fund traders may also be classified as Speculative Uninformed Money, despite having more resources and experience compared to retail traders. However, they still follow retail methods, such as relying on indicators, instead of a deep understanding of Smart Money.

    The main difference between large fund traders and retail traders is their risk management, which helps ensure their longevity in the financial markets.

The Financial Foodchain

The Source

To understand The Financial Food-chain we first start with the market’s entity that resides at the top of it.

At the top resides the Central Banks. Central Banks are the liquidity providers.

Central Banks own their own currencies, i.e the European Central Bank (ECB) would own the Euro.

The ECB provides liquidity in the eurozone:

The ECB will help to make sure that the banks in the eurozone have enough money to keep the financial system running smoothly.

They do this by:

  1. Giving loans to banks:
    The ECB can lend money to banks that need it, like if a bank is running low on cash. This helps the bank to keep serving its customers and keeps the financial system stable.

  2. Buying and selling assets:
    The ECB can buy and sell financial assets, like bonds, to control the amount of money in the financial system. For example, if the ECB buys bonds, it’s like putting money into the banks. This can make it easier for banks to lend money to their customers.

  3. Providing overnight funding:
    The ECB can provide funding to banks overnight, meaning that they can borrow money from the ECB for just one night. This helps banks to manage their short-term cash needs and ensures that the financial system is stable.

The ECB uses these tools to make sure that the banks in the eurozone have enough money to keep the financial system running smoothly, even during difficult times.

Now that we understand who resides at the top of the financial food chain, we are able to focus on what really matters, the source.

Exchange Premiums & Discounts

Central Banks provide liquidity for uninformed speculative money while creating premium or discount conditions in the markets.

IPDA then aims to neutralize the engineered liquidity and offset their positions to maintain balance.

We know that the source (Market Making) provides liquidity for everyone in the market. However, it’s important to make sure that there’s a fair exchange.

This is how Central Banks establish a “win-win” relationship while providing market liquidity. It’s important to remember that currencies are owned by the Central Banks, so they have the power to set the value of their commodity.

Uninformed Speculative Money VS Smart Money

Uninformed Speculative Money

  • No awareness of Smart Money
  • Believes in Supply & Demand
  • Believes that there is always a buyer for every seller

Smart Money

  • Everyone is Liquidity
  • Price engineers efficiency for Smart Money only
  • Interbank Traders participate in Smart Money transactions.

Understand both sides and find the balance inbetween

To succeed as an Interbank Trader, it’s crucial to understand the Market Efficiency Paradigm and its core components, including the opposition between Smart Money and Dumb Money.

By grasping these concepts, you can adopt an Interbank Trader’s mindset and gain an Interbank Edge, putting you in a better position to make profitable trades.

An Interbank Trader knows that Smart Money dominates the market and that prices are delivered efficiently for them only. Meanwhile, Dumb Money lacks a deep understanding of market dynamics and is often on the losing side of trades.

Central Banks, as the ultimate source of liquidity, can control and manipulate asset prices, giving them a distinct advantage in the market. They can even build Premium and Discounted markets to manipulate sentiment and neutralize engineered liquidity for an Exchange Premium.

By internalizing these ideas and adopting an Interbank Trader’s mindset, you can gain a competitive edge in the financial markets and lock in a long-term successful trading career.

What to Focus on as an Interbank Trader


-The Inner Circle Trader

Enhance Your Trading Performance with a Price Action Trade Journal

Keeping a trade journal is a crucial aspect of successful trading, and it can help you gain a deeper understanding of Price Action.

This journal should consist of the following elements:
a) Displacement of Price from a specific level
b) Clean Highs and Lows neutralized
c) Swing Highs and Lows in between A and B

By adopting a Long-term, Intermediate-term, and Short-term Perspective, you can better navigate through price movements and have a clear idea of what to look for on each time frame.

For example, in day trading, the Long-term Perspective could be a Weekly Chart or Daily Chart, the Intermediate-term Perspective could be a 4 Hour Chart or 1 Hour Chart, and the Short-term Perspective could be a 15 Minute Chart or 5 Minute Chart.

Journaling the Daily Range

Journaling the Daily Range should consist of the following elements:
a) Displacement of the Daily Range from a specific level
b) Clean Highs or Lows neutralized for the Daily Range
c) Price reaction at Swing Lows and Highs between A and B

Consider the following questions for the Daily Range:

  • What Kill Zones do the highs and lows form for the Daily Range?


Long-term Perspective:

Intermediate-term Perspective:

Short-term Perspective:

London Bread & Butter Trade Example:

Journaling the Weekly Range

Journaling the Weekly Range should consist of the following elements:
a) Displacement of the Weekly Range from a specific level
b) Clean Highs and Lows neutralized for the Weekly Range
c) Price reaction at Swing Highs and Lows in between A and B

Consider the following questions for the Weekly Range:

  • What day did the Weekly High or Low form?
  • What Kill Zone did the Weekly High or Low form?

By journaling your trades on a daily basis, you are training your mind.

Just like how we exercise and train our muscles for size and strength, we can apply similar principles to our minds to expand our knowledge and understanding of IPDA.

Use this journaling framework as a guide to enhance your trading performance and take your interbank trading to the next level.

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